For operations against Japanese aircraft and naval units by squadrons based in Ceylon during the Japanese attacks of April For operations during the 14th Army's advance from Imphal to Rangoon, the coastal amphibious assaults, and the Battle of Pegu Yomas, August to August Indian Ocean naval campaigns —45[ edit ] Main article: The Japanese minesweeping capability was never great, and when confronted with new types of mines they did not adapt quickly. Japanese shipping was driven from the Burmese coast using this type of warfare. British submarines based in British Ceylon operated against Japanese shipping.
Niah Cave entrance at sunset Anatomically modern human hunter-gatherer migration into Southeast Asia before 50, years ago has been confirmed by the combined fossil record of the region. Modern human presence in the Niah cave on East Malaysia dates back to 40, years BP, although archaeological documentation of the early settlement period suggests only brief occupation phases. Items there found such as burial jars, earthenware, jade ornaments and other jewellery, stone tools, animal bones, and human fossils date back to 47, years BP. Unearthed human remains are approximately 24, years old.
The threat of China plays a limited role. Several Southeast Asian countries such as Cambodia, the Philippines and Vietnam depended heavily on extra-regional powers — mainly the Soviet Union and the United States — to build up their arsenals during the Cold War. When the Red Empire collapsed and Washington stopped most military aid, these Southeast Asian countries were forced to become financially self-sufficient. Another country undergoing transformation is Myanmar. Although Naypyidaw was not part of the bipolar Cold War structure, it received a considerable amount of military aid from Beijing after the coup in Myanmar in